The defense was severely cut and reorganized following
the dissolution of the Soviet Union. It is based on general
military duty with 24 months of service. The defense
comprises (2008) 22,000 men with an army of 18,500 men in 3
divisions. The Navy has 500 men with 6 patrol boats, and the
Air Force has 3,000 men with 94 fighter aircraft, including
A naval unit in the Caspian Sea led by the Russian
Federation is organized by the Russian Federation,
Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan. The material is of Soviet
origin and semi-modern. Defense spending decreased in
1996-2006 from 2.8% to 1.8% of GDP. To see related acronyms about this country, please check ABBREVIATIONFINDER where you can see that TKM stands for Turkmenistan.
Turkmenistan has military service after selection with
first 24 months of service. The country joined the NATO
Partnership for Peace program in 1994. The total force
numbers for Turkmenistan's armed forces are 36,500 active
personnel (2018, IISS). In addition, there are about 5000
semi-military border guards.
The army has a strength of 33,000 active personnel.
Materials include 654 tanks (650 T-72 and four T-90), 260
light trucks, 1038 storm tanks, 902 armored personnel
vehicles, 58 tanks and 88 self-propelled artillery,
including 48 self-propelled artillery. In addition, the army
has heavy artillery, short-range ballistic missiles,
short-range air defense missiles and medium-heavy and heavy
The Air Force has a force of 3000 active personnel.
Materials include 24 fighters of a MiG-29, 31 attack
aircraft of the type Su-25, three light transport aircraft,
two trainers and 23 helicopters, of which ten combat
helicopters of the type Mi-24.
The Navy has a force of 500 active personnel, four patrol
vessels and one auxiliary vessel.
Turkmenistan's international relations
Turkmenistan concentrates on establishing good contacts
with Iran and Turkey, but is particularly aware of the
protection of Islamic fundamentalism. After Nijazov's death,
the country has become less isolated, and at the same time
it has opened up more to Western actors.
Turkmenistan is a member of the UN and some of the UN's
special organizations, including the World Bank. The country
is also a member of the Organization for Security and
Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) and ECO (the Economic
Cooperation Organization for Muslim Countries in the Area).
In 1994, Turkmenistan became the first Central Asian country
to join NATO's Partnership Program for Peace Partnership.
Russia - Turkmenistan
Relations with Russia are complicated. In 1999,
Turkmenistan broke a cooperation agreement with Russia and
introduced a visa requirement for citizens of the US states.
However, Nijazov remained firm in defense cooperation with
Russia, and Russian troops participate in the guard along
the borders of Afghanistan and Iran. Turkmenistan's own
defense is under construction. There is, among other things,
plans for a naval force in the Caspian Sea.
Norway - Turkmenistan
Norway recognized Turkmenistan on January 24, 1992 and
diplomatic relations were established on June 06, 1992.
Turkmenistan still does not have diplomatic representation
in Norway or side accreditation from another country. There
has been no bilateral exchange of visitors at the political
level. Norway's Ambassador to Astana is later accredited to
In February 1999, Turkmenistan took the initiative to
conclude a bilateral agreement to avoid double taxation with
Norway. The Ministry of Petroleum and Energy has welcomed
such an agreement, but no specific initiatives have been
taken. Aviation agreement was signed in 2002.
Turkmenistan receives relatively limited project support
over the foreign budgets, and IOM and UNDP have been the
main beneficiaries. In the 2000s, the National Antiquarian
has had smaller collaborative projects with Turkmen
authorities and UNESCO on the preservation of cultural