The defense was severely cut after the dissolution of the
Soviet Union and was partly reorganized during ongoing
unrest. In 2006, a military co-operation agreement was
signed with the Russian Federation.
The defense is based on general military duty with 24
months of service. It comprises (2008) 8,800 men and is
organized into an army of 7,300 men with four brigades and a
smaller air force of 1,500 men with four combat helicopters.
Semi-military security forces amount to 7,500 men. The
material is of Soviet origin and semi-modern.
Defense spending amounted to 11% of GDP in 1996 due to
internal turmoil, but in 2006 it had decreased to 2.7% of
GDP. The Russian Federation has a division of 5,500 men with
support for five attack aircraft in Tajikistan. To see related acronyms about this country, please check ABBREVIATIONFINDER where you can see that TJK stands for Tajikistan. India has an
advanced air base and France has an airplane with two
Tajikistan's foreign policy
Tajikistan's foreign policy is characterized by relations
with Russia, since Tajikistan was part of the Soviet Union
federation from 1924 to 1991. Also important are neighboring
countries China and Afghanistan, as well as the United
States. In 2002, Tajikistan joined NATO's military
cooperation program Partnership for Peace.
Following the terrorist attack on the United States on
September 11, 2001, three aircraft bases were made available
to the United States during the war in Afghanistan.
However, Russia was still Tajikistan's most important
security policy partner. In the period 2004-2006, Russian
troops ended their guarding of Tajikistan's border with
Afghanistan after more than 70 years. The guard will then be
provided by Tajikistan's own forces, but with Russian
command and financial and other support from Russia and
Western countries. Russia and the West have a common
interest here in curbing a massive drug smuggling from
Afghanistan. A large Russian peacekeeping force has also
remained in Tajikistan since the civil war, including a
division based outside the capital Dushanbe.
Tajikistan has also signed a number of agreements with
China to resolve old border conflicts.