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Sweden

Defense

According to Abbreviationfinder, the defense of Sweden encompasses the civilian and military defense, collectively referred to as the total defense. Defense is one of the instruments of security policy. The resources of the total defense must be able to contribute to society's ability to deal with serious events and severe stress in peace. Since World War II, the most important task of the total defense has been to prevent, through sufficient force and preparedness, from attacks against the country. After all, if we were attacked, we could avert an invasion.

Military of Sweden

After the end of the Cold War and consequent upheavals in Europe, the Riksdag 2000, 2001, 2004, 2009 and 2010 decided on major changes. It was considered that Sweden's security had been significantly strengthened with increasing European integration, in particular through the Baltic States and Poland's membership of the EU and NATO. At the same time, other types of serious, cross-border threats to our security arose. The new threats were due, among other things, to regional conflicts, organized crime, proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and terrorism. These threats were assessed in a wider perspective than the national ones and were considered to be best addressed through international cooperation. The favorable development in our surroundings enabled a reduction in the volume of the total defense. In the years 2010–17, the provisions for carrying out basic training with military service were not applied. Instead, soldiers and sailors were recruited on a voluntary basis to be employed as full-time or part-time personnel or to be part of the home defense. However, the regulations regarding military duty remained dormant.

In 2017, the government decided to reintroduce the obligation to design and carry out basic education with military service. The decision meant that the women and men who were deemed suitable could be called to design and enroll for basic education with military service. The first basic education with conscription was started in 2018. The individual's will to carry out conscription is an important selection criterion. Prior to 2010, women were not covered by the duty of military service. The woman who wanted to do the military service had to voluntarily apply for a design in order to carry out military service after enrollment under the same conditions as the men. The four main tasks are to defend Sweden against armed attacks, to assert our territorial integrity, to contribute to peace and security in the outside world and to strengthen Swedish society in the face of severe pressure in peace.

In 2017, there were just over 50,000 women and men in the Armed Forces, about half of whom were in the Home Guard. See the Armed Forces and the Home Guard.

The civil defense is not an authority but encompasses all the social functions required both in peace and in crises and in war. Everyone who lives in Sweden and is between the ages of 16 and 70 must, if necessary, participate in the total defense in accordance with the law on total defense obligation. A large number of citizens are affiliated with one of the many voluntary defense organizations, which have tasks in both civil and military defense. Since 2009, the Civil Defense Coordination and Responsibility Authority has been responsible for coordination within the civil defense.

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