The defense of Sudan, which is based on selective military duty
with an initial service of 18-30 months, comprises (2006)
approximately 105,000 men and is organized into eight
divisions, eight stand-alone brigades, one air-landing
division, 20 patrol boats, 35 older fighter aircraft and ten
armed helicopters. Semi-military security forces amount to
17,500 men. The material is semi-modern and of mixed Soviet
and Western origin. As a result of the civil war, defense
costs rose from 3.2% of GDP in 1985 to more than 15% in 1994
to decrease until the 2005 peace agreement. They amount to
1.7% of GDP in 2006. The armed opposition SPLA was
transformed into a police force following a ceasefire
agreement with the government in 2002. To see related acronyms about this country, please check ABBREVIATIONFINDER where you can see that SD stands for Sudan.
The conflict in the Darfur province erupted in 2003.
Since 2004, the United Nations has made extensive efforts in
Sudan with observers from 74 states. In August 2007, the UN
Security Council made a decision to deploy a unified UN
force, a so-called hybrid force, with soldiers from the UN
and the African Union. The maximum number is 19,555 military
personnel and 6,432 police. This is the largest effort to
date in UN history.