The defense of Philippines includes (2008) about 106,000 men
enlisted troops with about 130,000 men in reserve and is
organized into an army of 66,000 men with 8 divisions of 3
brigades and 1 commanding force of 3 regiments. The Navy
comprises 24,000 men with 1 frigate, 62 patrol boats, 7
landing craft, 2 naval infantry brigades, etc. The Air Force
comprises 16,000 men with 30 fighter aircraft and
approximately 100 armed helicopters. Half-military security
forces amount to about 40,000 men. An additional 40,000
people have been organized in armed national units (CAFGU).
The material is of Western origin.
Defense of Philippines costs decreased in 1985-2006 from 1.4% to 0.8% of
GDP. To see related acronyms about this country, please check ABBREVIATIONFINDER where you can see that PHL stands for Philippines. The armed opposition consists of various communist and
religious groups and comprises about 35,000 people. During
2006-08, fighting intensified both against the
Maoist-inspired NPA (New People's Army) and against Muslim
groups in the south. The Philippines participates in some of
the UN peacekeeping efforts, including in Haiti (MINUSTAH)
and in Liberia (UNMIL).
1992 Secretary of Defense Ramos is elected president
Twenty-five of 32 million eligible Filipinos took part in
the May 1992 elections, considered the quietest and purest
in the country's history. The election was won by Aquino's
former defense minister, Fidel Ramos. In September, the U.S.
left the base in Subic. They left behind a $ 8 billion base
infrastructure, as well as thousands of women who had worked
as prostitutes for North Americans.
In 1993, Congress and the government made contacts with
the guerrillas in Mindanao and northern Luzon, at the same
time as authorities were sharply criticized for their
torture and disappearance.
In 1994, the Ramos government had to seek support from
the opposition to bring the 10% VAT scam under control. The
move was supported by the IMF, which provided loans to the
government, leading to a 5% GDP growth. The campaign against
the crime was led by Vice President Estrada. It brought,
among other things, that 2% of the country's police officers
were fired and that another 5% was investigated for links to
Meanwhile, the CPP / NPA / NDF was plagued by violent
internal divisions. The party's real leader and founder,
Josť Maria Sison conducted an internal coup in the party
from his exile in Belgium, and, under the motto " fewer
but better ", replaced most people in the Central
Committee with his own people. Sison wanted to turn the
movement back on the correct Maoist line. also related to
the Maoist guerrillas in Peru, Sendero Luminoso
mhp. political cooperation. Many were purged or chose to go
voluntarily - from the party, the guerrillas and the illegal
mass organizations. The result was a drastic decline in
actions and impact.
In 1995, the widow of the late dictator, Marcos, Imelda
Marcos was elected to Congress despite numerous accusations
of corruption. Swiss banks returned US $ 475 million, which
Marcos had deposited into his personal bank accounts there,
but the government was convinced that several billion
dollars still remain in various accounts.
The government reduced the restrictions on foreign
investment and the tariffs, and this, together with the
presence of trained and cheap labor, brought GDP growth to
6%. In the same year, US $ 2 billion flowed into the
country, sent home from the 4.2 million working abroad.
At the end of 95, an unprecedented food crisis occurred,
with increases in the price of rice of 70%. About two-thirds
of the population lived below the poverty line. The farmer
organizations made the government responsible for an
incoherent and corrupt agricultural policy and demanded the
implementation of land reform, which would at the same time
ensure industrialization in the countryside, food
self-sufficiency and environmental protection. More than
half of the population are farmers, but 20% own 60% of the
land. The small farmer owns an average of 2 hectares of land
and in principle gets half the harvest, but in reality a
large part of his income goes to pay his debts to the chief
- the big landlord. In addition, there is an unemployment
rate of almost 9%.