The defense was severely cut and reorganized following
the dissolution of the Soviet Union. Kazakhstan has been a
member of the CSTO, the Collective Security Treaty
Organization, since 1992, with Russian Federation.
Kazakhstan's strategic problem is its position between the
nuclear weapons holders of the Russian Federation and China,
a factor that has been argued in negotiations with the
United States. Kazakhstan, which was previously the third
largest nuclear power in the CIS, undertook to comply with
the START agreement's reduction requirements. All the 1,040
warheads were taken to the Russian Federation for scrapping.
In 1997, an agreement on confidence-building measures was
signed with, among other things, Russian Federation and
China. The last Russian bandages, which had been monitoring
long range rocket launch sites (SS-18), then left
The defense is based on general military duty of 24
months and (2008) comprises 49,000 men. The army, 30,000
men, consists of 10 brigades, etc. The Navy, 3,000 men, has
12 patrol vessels, and the air force, 12,000 men, 163
fighter aircraft, of which 40 are MiG-29. The material is of
Soviet origin and semi-modern. Semi-military units comprise
31,500 men, including 20,000 for internal security and 9,000
for border guard.
Defense spending decreased in 1996-2006 from 2.6% to 0.8%
of GDP. Kazakhstan participates in UN peacekeeping
operations with observers in Iraq and Nepal. To see related acronyms about this country, please check ABBREVIATIONFINDER where you can see that KAZ stands for Kazakhstan.