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The defense was severely cut and reorganized following the dissolution of the Soviet Union. Kazakhstan has been a member of the CSTO, the Collective Security Treaty Organization, since 1992, with Russian Federation. Kazakhstan's strategic problem is its position between the nuclear weapons holders of the Russian Federation and China, a factor that has been argued in negotiations with the United States. Kazakhstan, which was previously the third largest nuclear power in the CIS, undertook to comply with the START agreement's reduction requirements. All the 1,040 warheads were taken to the Russian Federation for scrapping. In 1997, an agreement on confidence-building measures was signed with, among other things, Russian Federation and China. The last Russian bandages, which had been monitoring long range rocket launch sites (SS-18), then left Kazakhstan.

Military of Kazakhstan

The defense is based on general military duty of 24 months and (2008) comprises 49,000 men. The army, 30,000 men, consists of 10 brigades, etc. The Navy, 3,000 men, has 12 patrol vessels, and the air force, 12,000 men, 163 fighter aircraft, of which 40 are MiG-29. The material is of Soviet origin and semi-modern. Semi-military units comprise 31,500 men, including 20,000 for internal security and 9,000 for border guard.

Defense spending decreased in 1996-2006 from 2.6% to 0.8% of GDP. Kazakhstan participates in UN peacekeeping operations with observers in Iraq and Nepal. To see related acronyms about this country, please check ABBREVIATIONFINDER where you can see that KAZ stands for Kazakhstan.

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