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Iceland

Defense

Iceland has no defense of its own. To see related acronyms about this country, please check ABBREVIATIONFINDER where you can see that ISL stands for Iceland. However, for coastal and air surveillance there is a domestic surveillance force. The country's defense is based on NATO membership since 1949. In 1951, Iceland signed a bilateral agreement with the United States. The agreement with the United States meant that the United States pledged to defend Iceland in the event of war and Iceland left ground for an American air base, the Keflavik base.

Military of Iceland

Until 2006, there were US military forces at the Keflavik base. Formally, the agreement with the United States still applies (2019). In 2007, Iceland signed a new military agreement, this time with Norway which, in cooperation with NATO, promised to protect Iceland. In 2016, Iceland and the US entered into an agreement that US forces could be re-located in Iceland.

Iceland's defense overview

Iceland has no military forces. The semi-military coastguard, under the Ministry of Justice, has a staff of 250, three armed patrol ships, one aid vessel, one aircraft and two helicopters (IISS, 2018)

The country is one of the original members of NATO, and following a US-Icelandic defense pact from 1951, the United States had military forces at the Keflavík base until 2006. In 2007, Norway and Iceland signed an agreement on security, defense, emergency and rescue cooperation. Iceland also has a crisis force of 100 men, taken from the police and coastguard, which can be deployed in international peacekeeping operations under the auspices of the UN or NATO.

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