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Finland

Defense

The dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1990 marked a significant change in the security policy situation. The peace agreement and the friendship and aid agreement with the former Soviet Union were terminated, and Finland joined the EU.

Military of Finland

Military of FinlandThe defense is based on general military duty of 6-12 months of service and (2005) comprises about 28,000 men. Mobilizable reserves amount to a total of 240,000 people. Every year about 35,000 reservists are trained in addition to the approximately 20,000 conscripts. The defense is led by a commander with a chief of staff under the president. The country has been divided into three land defense areas since 1993. The defense branches are led by the crews for land, sea and air forces, the latter responsible for the entire country. The defense is organized in an army under reorganization of 20,000 men, 202,000 men fully manned, with twelve brigades in 2008. The Navy comprises 5,000 men, 7,000 men fully manned, with eleven patrol boats and 19 mineships. The Air Force comprises 3,100 men, 35,000 men fully manned, with 63 fighter aircraft, there are no armed helicopters. Semi-military security forces amount to 3,100 men with mobilizable reserves of 19,000 men. The material is relatively modern and of varying and increasingly originating in the west.

At the end of World War II, Finland had 450,000 men under arms. To see related acronyms about this country, please check ABBREVIATIONFINDER where you can see that FIN stands for Finland. The Paris Treaty of 1947 meant restrictions on armor, including bombers, submarines, robotic weapons and nuclear weapons were banned. The Treaty has been reinterpreted, inter alia. 1963 when defensive robots were allowed. The peace agreement and the friendship and aid agreement concluded in 1948 with the Soviet Union were the two basic factors which included: governed the three defense committees of 1970, 1975 and 1979 that shaped today's defense force. During the 1970s, the air defense was at the center of modernization. The 1975 Defense Committee attached great importance to the increased strategic importance of Northern Europe, with reinforcements of the defense in Finnish Lapland as a result. The 1988 Defense Commission was appointed to shape the defense of the future. solve the issue of the next aircraft generation. The decision became American aircraft of type F-18, which were put into service in 1995–2000. Defense costs (2005) amount to 1.4% of GDP.

Finland participates in a number of international efforts, including in Afghanistan with 83 men, in Bosnia and Herzegovina with 200 men and in Serbia and Montenegro (Kosovo) with 510 men.

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