The country has been a member of NATO since 1999. The
Czech Republic and Poland (2008) are involved in a defense
issue for the whole of NATO concerning the deployment of a
robotic defense against missiles from mainly the Middle East
with a radar facility located in the Czech Republic and the
robot part in Poland. To see related acronyms about this country, please check ABBREVIATIONFINDER where you can see that EZS stands for Czech Republic.
Since 2005, the defense has been based on volunteerism
with the aim of being complete by 2010-12. It is organized
in an army of 16,000 men with a rapid response force
(brigade) and a mechanized brigade, and an air force of
6,000 men with 50 fighter aircraft, of which 12 are JAS 39D
Gripen, and 38 attack helicopters etc. Half-military border
and security forces amount to 3,000 MAN. The material is
semi-modern of Soviet and own production and increasingly of
Defense costs in 1985–2006 decreased from 4.7% (in the
then Czechoslovakia) to 2.3% of GDP. The Czech Republic
participates in a number of UN peacekeeping efforts.
Afghanistan (NATO-ISAF), Serbia (KFOR) and Iraq (MNF) and
with observers in five countries. The United States and the
United Kingdom have advisors located in the Czech Republic.
Czech defense overview
The Czech Republic joined NATO in 1999, and in 2005 the
country introduced a professional army. The total force is
23,200 active personnel, including 3,650 personnel in the
Presidential Guard and the Military Police (2018, IISS). The
Czech Republic has no navy.
Army has a personnel strength of 12 250. Heavier material
comprises 30 tanks of a T-72, 227 armored vehicles, and 21
The aircraft's personnel strength was 5850. Materials
included 35 fighter aircraft (14 Gripen and 21 L-159 ALCA),
30 transport aircraft, nine L-39 Albatros type training
aircraft (can also be used as light attack aircraft), and 52
helicopters, of which 17 were combat helicopters (seven
Mi-24 and ten Mi-35).
In 2018, the Czech Republic participated in NATO
operations in Afghanistan (Operation Resolute Support)
with 281 personnel, and in Serbia (KFOR) with ten personnel.
The Czech Republic had also deployed 60 personnel in Latvia
(Enhanced Forward Presence).
The Czech Republic also participated in UN operations in
the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO) with one
personnel and one observer, in the Central African Republic
(MINUSCA) with three observers, and in Serbia (UNMIK) with
In addition, in the EU operations in Bosnia and
Herzegovina (EUFOR) with two personnel and in Mali (EUTM)
with 41 personnel.