The defense encompasses (2009) 20,000 men enlisted and is
organized into seven battalions and six fighter aircraft.
Semi-military security forces amount to 30,000 men. The
material is of varying origin. The fighting between the
Tutsi and Hutu population groups was settled in 2003. A new
constitution in 2005 and an elected government in 2006 are
prerequisites for the ongoing coordination of both groups'
combat forces into a national force and it is expected to
reduce this strength significantly still further.
Defense costs increased in 1985-2007 from 3.0% to 7.9% of
GDP. The African Union has 1,700 men from Somalia and 1,000
men from South Africa (AUSTF) in Burundi. Observers (BINUB)
are available from eight countries. To see related acronyms about this country, please check ABBREVIATIONFINDER where you can see that BDI stands for Burundi.
The political and humanitarian situation deteriorated
dramatically throughout 2016. An additional 100,000 fled the
country, bringing the number of exiles to 327,000. The AU's
mediation efforts ran out in the sand, despite the
organization's appointment of Tanzania's former President
Benjamin Mkapa as a mediator. The National Commission on
Inter-Burundian Dialogue reported that most members had
called for constitutional amendments, including the removal
of all restrictions on the re-election of the president.
Most of the opposition had fled the country (or killed), and
the Commission's report therefore risked serious blows. The
AU's decision in December 2015 to send a protective force to
Burundi, but this was later abandoned. Instead, in February
2016, the organization sent a delegation consisting of 5
heads of state. During the visit, it was agreed to increase
the number of AU human rights and military experts in the
country to 200, but by the end of the year only the regime
had allowed only a third of these. In July, the Security
Council decided that a police force of 228 officers could be
deployed, but this was rejected by Burundi.
In March 2016, the EU decided to suspend all financial
support for Burundi. The decision was upheld again in
October. The Union also put 4 Burundi nationals on its
sanctions list. The US increased the number of sanctions on
its list to 11. The fall in financial aid had catastrophic
consequences in the form of drastic budget cuts. At the same
time, the situation was further aggravated by natural
disasters in the form of floods, landslides and storms. In
August, a cholera epidemic broke out and the number of cases
of malaria had doubled compared to 2015. The overall
consequence was that DKK 3 million. people in October needed
humanitarian assistance against 1.1 in February.
In May, the Supreme Court sentenced 21 soldiers and
police officers to life imprisonment for their share of the
coup in 2015. An increase in penalties according to previous
convictions from January.
The security situation was marked by a retaliatory and
revenge spiral in which bomb attacks and killings of the
regime's men triggered revenge actions by the regime.
Hundreds of people were killed in targeted or arbitrary
killings. Analyzes of satellite photos and video footage
confirmed stories that in December 2015, security forces had
killed dozens or hundreds of people and subsequently buried
them in a mass grave on the outskirts of Bujumbura. In
February, the capital's mayor presented a mass grave to the
media, claiming it was dug by opposition members, but he
flatly rejected the UN's offer to investigate and document