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Albania

Defense

Military of AlbaniaAfter 1945, Albania has undergone an extensive process of change. The country was a member of the 1955 Warsaw Pact but left the same in 1968 to approach China. From 1976, ie. After Mao Zedong's death, the cooperation diminished to completely cease in 1978. Albania was, until 1989, largely isolated in the face of major security policy changes. A number of democratic elections, supported mainly by neighboring countries, have been conducted and the situation has stabilized since 1997. Periodically, however, almost civil war-like conditions have prevailed.

Military of Albania

During 1998-99, Albania became a reception area for refugees from Kosovo and most recently a march and base area for NATO allies in UN sanctions against Yugoslavia. The defense was disorganized and is 2007-10 under reconstruction. It is always based on selective military duty with an initial service of 12 months and (2006) comprises 11,000 men distributed on 6,000 men ground combat forces, a rapid-fire brigade, 1,100 men naval forces, 13 smaller fighter ships and 1,400 man combat forces without combat aircraft but with seven modern reconnaissance helicopters. The material is outdated and of Chinese and Soviet origin.

Defense costs rose from 5.3% to 6.7% of GDP in 1985-96, having decreased to 1.5% of GDP in 2006. Albania participates in UN peacekeeping operations in Bosnia and Herzegovina (EUFOR), in Afghanistan (ISAF), in Iraq (MNF) and others. NATO has a management team of 155 men Italian troops stationed in Albania. To see related acronyms about this country, please check ABBREVIATIONFINDER where you can see that ALB stands for Albania.

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